Bukarka (Coenorrhinus Pauxillus)

Pest Type: Fruit Pest

Row: Coleoptera – Coleoptera

Family: Pipe Twigs – Attelabidae (Rynchitidae)

It is found everywhere. Damages apple trees, pears, less often quinces, cherries, thorns, hawthorn, mountain ash, bird cherry.

Beetle 2.5-3 mm long, blue with a steel metallic sheen; elytra wider than pronotum, covered with hairs and longitudinal specks of grooves; legs and rostrum black; antennae 11 segmented. The egg is 0.3 mm in size, oval, milky white. Larva up to 3 mm long, shingles, legless, somewhat curved, with a dark brown head. Pupa – 2.5-3 mm, yellow-white.

Immature beetles overwinter in the upper soil layer. They come to the surface during the period of kidney swelling and begin additional nutrition, first by the kidneys, then by buds and leaves...

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Insects in the garden

Pear Fruit Sawfly (Hopocampa Brevis)

Pest Type: Fruit Pests

Row: Hymenoptera – Hymenoptera

Family: true sawflies – Tenthredinidae

It is found everywhere. Significant damage is caused by pears in Transcarpathia, Crimea and the steppe zone of Russia.

Imago 4-5 mm long; yellow ore color with a slight blackening in the upper chest and abdomen; spots on transparent wings yellowish. The egg is 0.6 mm in size, whitish, shiny. Larva up to 10 mm long, yellow-white, yellowish chairman with bruympyatny top. Pupa – 6-7 mm, white, in a dense oval cocoon.

Larvae hibernate in a cocoon in the soil at a depth of 5-15 cm, individual individuals – up to 20-25 cm. Pupate when the soil is warmed up to 7 ° C at a depth of 10 cm, which coincides in time with the onset of pear bud swelling...

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Insects in the garden

Hawthorn (Aporia Crataegi)

Pest Type: Fruit Pests

Row: Lepidoptera – Lepidoptera

Family: whites – Pieridae

In Russia, the most numerous in Polesie, Forest-steppe. It damages apple, pear, plum, apricot, hawthorn, thorns, mountain ash, bird cherry, to a lesser extent cherries and cherries.

Butterfly with a wingspan of 60-65 mm; the wings are white, the scaly cover is weak, as a result of which the wings of the females are translucent, in males the scales are absent only along the periphery of the wing; in females, the veins are brown, in males black; club antennae; chest and abdomen dark, covered with light hairs.

The egg is oblong, with 12-14 longitudinal ribs, standing, 1.5-1.7 mm high, yellow or orange...

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Insects in the garden

Woody Odorous (Cossus Cossus)

Type of pest: Pest of fruit crops, a pest of protective afforestation

Row: Lepidoptera – Lepidoptera

Family: woodworkers – Cossidae

It is found everywhere. Damages oak, willow, poplar, aspen, birch, alder, less often – maple, walnut, fruit.

Butterflies are large: females 85-95 mm, males 70-75 mm long; front wings are dark gray with a fuzzy gray-white pattern, numerous black strokes, hind wings are light brown; the whole body is covered with hairs; antennae comb. The egg is 1.5 mm in size, oval, light brown with oblong black stripes. The caterpillar is 85-105 mm long, the younger ages are pink, the last age is black-brown, black-yellow on the ventral side; chairman black-brown, shiny, occipital shield yellow-brown. Pupa – 30-35 mm, dark brown, in a cocoon of wood bits fastened with cobwebs.

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Insects in the garden

Flower Seeds: Collection and Storage

The collection of flower seeds is a long process: the fact is that the seeds of different plants ripen at different times. Moreover, planting material of some flowers can be collected immediately after its formation and sent for ripening, and in other crops, you need to wait until the seeds fully ripen on the plant. In any case, it is important not to miss the moment and not to allow the boxes to crack and the seeds not to spill on the ground.

We Collect Flower Seeds for Ripening

So, we collect flower seeds, but first, you need to find out how to do it right.

The ripening of many species of flowering plants is gradual and depends on the weather and their location on the mother plant...

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Seeds in the garden

Scorpion Californian (Quadraspidiotus Perniciosus)

Pest Type: Fruit Pest

Row: Equine – Homoptera

Family: scale insects – Diaspididae

It is found in the southern and southwestern regions of Russia. In addition to fruit and berry crops, it damages more than 200 species of forest and ornamental plants.

Shields of females are round, up to 2 mm in diameter, gray-brown in color; two yellow larvae are placed in the center of the scute. The female, located under the flap, is 1.3 mm long, round, lemon yellow, with a developed prickly apparatus. Male shield oval, up to 1 mm long. Adult male up to 0.8-0.9 mm in size, light orange in color with a transverse stripe on the chest, with well-developed antennae, legs, and a pair of wings; the oral apparatus is reduced. Larvae of the first age (“strollers”) are light yellow, oval, 0.25 mm long...

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Insects in the garden

Butterfly Cabbage Whitewater

Cabbage white is a large butterfly, its wingspan reaches 60 mm. The wings are white, from where the butterfly got its name, with small dark dots and tan marks along the edge of the upper wings. Turnip whitewash has a smaller wingspan (up to 45 mm), they have a yellowish tint and larger spots and tan marks.

Eggs and Pupae of Cabbage Whitewash

The whites begin to fly in May, and soon the female cabbage whites lay bright yellow eggs on the underside of cabbage leaves in heaps of 15 to 200 pieces each. The most intensively “populated” are white and cauliflower, especially planted in quieter places (along the walls of a house or a barn)...

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Insects in the garden

Pear Bug (Stephanitis Pyri)

Pest Type: Fruit Pest

Row: Hemoptera – Hemiptera

Family: lace workers – Tingidae

It is found everywhere. Damages a pear, an apple tree, a hawthorn, less often other fruit crops.

The adult is 3-3.5 mm long, the body is flat, round, with a crest-shaped increase in the middle, prothorax with leaf-shaped outgrowths on the sides; elytra foliate, bright, with lace pattern; antennae long, thin; legs are light yellow; eyes are red; the female has an ovipositor, consisting of two dusty processes. The egg is 0.4 mm in size, oblong, bulb-like curved, gray, somewhat pointed to the apex. Larva 0.6-2.3 mm long, flat, oblong, whitish, with a brown head and thin long spikes on the sides of the body.

Immature adults hibernate among the fallen leaves, in the cracks of the bark...

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Insects in the garden

Biennial Vegetables: Seed Production

Each experienced gardener knows how to plant two-year-old vegetables in their area. He will easily tell you about the planting of onion seeds and the flowering of cabbage.

Planting Carrots With Seeds

In autumn, when harvesting, healthy, typical root crops are selected. For example, the variety Nantes has a cylindrical root shape with a blunt tip, length 16 cm, diameter about 3 cm. Leaves are cut with a knife at a height of 2 cm from the root head. The mother liquors (seed root crops) are stored during the winter at a temperature of + 5 ° C in the cellar in moist, clean river sand or they are buried in a pit to a depth of 80 cm...

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Seeds in the garden

Garden Pest Management

Pest insects can destroy your garden. If you enjoy gardening and are concerned about the environment and your own health, then pest control should focus on natural or organic pesticides, that is, instead of products that contain chemicals and toxins. There are many ways to protect against pests that can scare insects away from plants in your garden without polluting the land or harming your health. Organic pesticides and repellents can be used to treat the site.

Step 1. Identify which types of insects harm your garden and which are beneficial to it. For example, bees and ladybugs are important components of the garden ecosystem, as they pollinate flowers and exterminate some types of pests.

Step 2. Hang a bird feeder and bath in the garden. Birds are a natural remedy for pests...

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Insects in the garden